In many cities, rising incomes, the growing trend towards private car ownership, and a lack of well-located affordable housing is driving the flight of middle and low-income residents to peripheral areas. Too often, these fast growing localities lack adequate public transport service and suffer from an unimaginative public realm defined by the compound walls of standalone private developments.
ITDP believes that the solution to urban sprawl lies in remaking cities to be vibrant, livable, and sustainable to attract residents, stimulate economic opportunity, and foster low-carbon lifestyles. ITDP works to integrate smart urban design and transport by:
- Encouraging pedestrian and transit-oriented real estate development
- Designing state-of-the-art environments for walking and cycling
- Crafting policies that turn physical and cultural spaces into economic assets
Pedestrian and transit-oriented development (TOD), in which residential and mixed-use buildings are planned around public transport, cycle networks, and pedestrian facilities, is critical in order to move away from urban sprawl and car dependency. The design of new buildings and open spaces, the reform and creation of new development control regulations, and the removal of other regulatory barriers is important to creating an environment that better suits residents’ daily needs.
ITDP India is working closely with cities such as Ahmedabad, Pimpri-Chinchwad, and Nashik to explore the possibility of creating and adopting policies to pursue transit-oriented development (TOD) along rapid high capacity public transport corridors in the respective cities.
ITDP has been providing technical advice to Ahmedabad in the preparation of its Development Plan 2021. Released in 2013 by the Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA), the Development Plan outlines several mechanisms to help reign in sprawl by promoting a compact city structure with higher densities in zones that have good public transport access. Ahmedabad introduces Transit Oriented Zones (TOZ) as a tool to promote more intense land uses within 200 m on either sides of BRT and metro corridors. (Photo above: credit – Ahmedabad Draft Comprehensive Development Plan 2021 (Second Revised)). ITDP is assisting AUDA and consulting firms in the preparation of local area plans that will facilitate the implementation of TOD policies.
To generate awareness regarding principles of TOD planning and bring about improvements in urban space, ITDP works with real estate developers, business associations, public officials, corporation staff, and other stakeholders. ITDP shares information and case studies from other cities and offers technical guidance. Further, in partnership with organizations like the Ministry of Urban Development, ITDP holds workshops and speaking events to help decision-makers, parastatals, and financing organisations, as well as practitioners and consultants understand the importance of integrating transport and city planning.